Albert Bierstadt was born January 7, 1830 in Solingen,
Germany. He was a landscape painter who painted so-called
“great pictures” in the Hudson River style in the
mid-1800s. Albert Bierstadt immigrated to New Bedford,
Massachusetts, with his family in 1832. Bierstadt died in New
York City on February 18, 1902.
In 1853 he traveled to Düsseldorf, Germany to study in landscape painting with German-American painter Emanuel Leutze. In the mid-1800s, Americans were interested in remote national territories. Expeditionary forces mapped, photographed, and painted the far west territories. In 1859, Bierstadt was the first major painter to go west as a member of Frederick Lander's expeditionary party. He sketched in the Wind River and Shoshone country during the summer of 1861.
Bierstadt's “great pictures” emphasize large-scale scenery and dramatic light effects. His use of large canvases influenced many Utah landscape artists. The paintings of John Tullidge, George Beard, Alfred Lambourne, and H. L. A. Culmer draw from his vision. In 1863, he was in Utah where he painted The Great Salt Lake (1863) . Other notable works include Valley of Yosemite (1864), The Heart of Andes (1859), Sunset Light, Wind River Range of the Rocky Mountains (1861), and Yosemite Valley; Sunset in the Yosemite Valley (1868).
Biographical information on this page was adapted from Artists of Utah.
Albert Bierstadt (1830-1902), the famed landscaper painter, was born in Solingen, Germany; brought up in America; studied in Dusseldorf, Germany; sketched in the West; painted scenes of the West in a Dusseldorf-Hudson River School manner in New York State; was internationally renowned for his Rocky Mountain paintings; lived in a mansion on the Hudson; and died in New York City flat broke. He also resided in New Belford, Massachusetts, and Tappan Zee, New York. His work is found in numerous museums and private collections, including the Utah Museum of Fine Arts and Brigham Young University. He went west first in 1859 on a government expedition and spent some time sketching in Wind River and Shoshone country that summer. He then returned to New York and painted his first Rocky Mountain picture for the National Academy of Design Exhibition of 1860. He was thirty, and in the next three years, he won immediate and sensational popularity. Another western trip in 1863 found the artist working in Nebraska, Colorado, Oregon, California, and Utah. He was also in Salt Lake City on that trip. In fact, John Tullidge, George Beard, Alfred Lambourne, and especially H.L.A. Culmer may to noted as particularly involved within a romantic landscape context in which Bierstadt was supreme.
Biography courtesy Artists of Utah
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