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John Hafen

John Hafen was born in Scherzingen, Switzerland in 1856 and came to Salt Lake City with his parents as converts to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He died in Brown County, Indiana, in 1910.

In 1862, Hafen became one of the earliest and youngest students at the Twentieth Ward Academy in Salt Lake City, a school that included drawing instruction in its lessons. George Ottinger and Dan Weggeland, two early Utah artists, were his instructors. In 1890, Hafen, Pratt, and J. B. Fairbanks studied at the Académie Julian in Paris as “art missionaries” for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

His painting, Quaking Aspens, Aspen Groves, exemplifies tonalism and A Mountain Stream exemplifies his interpretation of impressionism. Hafen felt that the painter should look for the smell, the feeling, the soul, and for the beautiful in line and color rather the mechanical effect or minute finish of a scene. In 1903 Hafen initiated the Springville Art Project by donating one of his works to the town's school.

Biography adapted from Springville Museum of Art.

John Hafen was born in 1856 in Scherzingen, Switzerland. His family, converts to the L.D.S. faith, came to the United States when Hafen was six years old, determined to join the “Saints“ in Utah. On the way, they spent 12 days in Winter Quarters, Nebraska, and Hafen's two-year-old brother died there. They made the rest of the journey by ox team. After reaching Utah, the Hafens settled first in Payson and then after two other moves, established themselves in Salt Lake City in 1868.

John was very interested in art from a young age and became one of the youngest and earliest students at the “Twentieth Ward Academy“ or “Seminary,“ in Salt Lake City, a school that included drawing instruction in its lessons. During the next ten years, Hafen was taught by George Ottinger and Dan Weggeland, two early Utah artists who not only became friends with the young Hafen, but also encouraged him to seek traditional training outside Utah.

In 1881, a group of young artists, including Hafen, founded the Utah Art Association, which later became the Utah Art Institute. The Association's purpose was to produce exhibitions and provide art instruction. The initial exhibit was the first time artists in Utah had organized and directed their own show. Over the next nine years, John continued to paint and draw and exhibit when possible, including at George A. Meears' sample room, he was a whisky wholesaler, where space was available for local artists to display their work, free of charge.

In 1890, Hafen helped convince L.D.S. church authorities to sponsor the “French Art Mission,“ an opportunity to study at the Acadamie Julian in Paris. The trip also was made possible for several other young Utah artists, J. B. Fairbanks, Lorus Pratt, and Edwin Evans. The artists' studies in France were subsidized by the L.D.S. Church so the artists could improve their skills and paint murals and paintings in the L.D.S. temples upon their return to Utah.

Hafen's studies in Paris had a vital impact on his work; like many other young artists of the time, he switched his interest from academic studio work to landscape painting from nature. Espousing his new view, Hafen wrote, “Cease to look for mechanical effect or minute finish, for individual leaves, blades of grass, or aped imitation of things, but look for smell, for soul, for feeling, for the beautiful in line and color.“

Back in Utah by 1892, Hafen began work on the murals for the Salt Lake temple. Although Hafen did the most work, Pratt, Fairbanks, Evans, and Dan Weggeland all contributed their Paris-honed skills.

The next year, the Society of Utah Artists was reestablished with Hafen serving as Vice President. The society's exhibits were well received, with many people willing to pay the entrance fees. Although Hafen's paintings from the middle 1890s to about 1907 are now considered “masterpieces of Utah art,“ he wasn't able to support his fast-growing family on what he made from his work. Consequently, he held various jobs and at times received support from the Church in exchange for paintings and drawings, which now make up the impressive Hafen collection at the Museum of Church History and Art in Salt Lake City.

Hafen taught at the Brigham Young Academy and eventually settled in Springville with his wife and ten children. Originally the family lived with the Myron Crandall Jr. family because the Hafens couldn't afford to pay rent. Later, Hafen traded a painting for a hilly section of Crandall's land. Alberto O. Treganza, a close friend of the Hafens, designed their home in the Swiss chalet style. The building was paid for by sales of paintings and the bartering of paintings to a local doctor who traded the paintings for work his destitute patients did on the Hafen home. To cover one bare cement wall, Hafen painted a mural of hollyhocks and attached it to the wall. After Hafen's death, the canvas was removed, mounted and framed and is now owned by the Springville Museum of Art. The Hafen home in Springville still stands today.

While in Springville, his interest in art education led Hafen to donate a painting to the Springville High School and to encourage other artists (including his friend Cyrus Dallin) to donate artwork. This art collection grew and eventually necessitated a building to house and display the art: it became the Springville Museum of Art.

Although Hafen made frequent painting and selling trips across the country, he lived in extreme poverty until he moved to Indiana late in his life. There, he was accepted into a group of regional impressionist artists and at last began to achieve success as an artist, including winning a prestigious commission to paint the governor's portrait. He lived in an attractive cottage overlooking a beautiful valley, surrounded by friends. However, just as he began to realize his life-long dream of providing for his family through sales of his art, Hafen contracted pneumonia and died in 1910.

Ironically, John Hafen is now considered the most appealing of the early Utah stylists, and was called “Utah's greatest artist“ by Alice Merrill Hone, an early Utah art activist. He, of all the early Utah artists, best communicated the poetic essence of nature.

Biography courtesy Springville Museum of Art.

Newspaper Articles

"Bet You Didn't Know." The Deseret News, August 11, 2003.

"Coming up: Visual Art." The Salt Lake Tribune, January 14, 2001.

"Contributions To The Arts Are Recognized." The Deseret News, October 16, 1994.

"Hafen House In Springville Is Suitable For Framing." The Salt Lake Tribune, April 16, 2000.

"Neighborhoods; Springville community is a work of art." The Salt Lake Tribune, November 10, 1996.

"Refurbished Mapleton Bird Home will open to visitors on Saturday." The Deseret News, July 21, 1999.

"Showing at local galleries." The Deseret News, January 20, 2002.

"Showing at local galleries." The Deseret News, January 7, 2001.

"Surrender Your Soles to Art At Monthly Gallery Stroll." The Salt Lake Tribune, March 16, 1998.

"Utah History Comes Alive In Capitol Art." The Salt Lake Tribune, February 2, 1992.

"Utah Marquee: VISUAL ART." The Salt Lake Tribune, January 5, 2001.

"Utahns' works on display." The Deseret News, June 1, 2003.

"Variety Is Spice of 75th Springville Salon." The Salt Lake Tribune, May 30, 1999.

"Visual Art." The Salt Lake Tribune, February 16, 2001.

Books

Davenport, Ray. Davenport's Art Reference. Ventura, CA: Davenport's Art Reference, 2001.

Dawdy, Doris. Artists of the American West: A Biographical Dictionary. Chicago, IL: Sage Books, 1990.

Dunbier, Lonnie P. ed. AskART, The Artists Bluebook. Scottsdale, AZ: AskART.com, 2003.

Falk, Peter Hastings. The Annual Exhibition Record of the Art Institute of Chicago, 1888-1950. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1990.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Who Was Who in American Art, 1564-1975: 400 Years of Artists in America. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1999.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Who Was Who in American Art: Compiled from the Original Thirty-four Volumes of American Art Annual--Who's Who in Art, Biographies of American Artists Active from 1898-1947. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1985.

Gerdts, William H. Art Across America: Two Centuries of Regional Painting, 1710-1920. New York, NY: Abbeville Press, 1990.

Haseltine, James L. 100 Years of Utah Painting: Selected Works from the 1840s to the 1940s. Salt Lake City, UT: Salt Lake Art Center, 1965.

Mallett, Daniel Trowbridge. Index of Artists, International-Biographical; Including Painters, Sculptors, Illustrators, Engravers and Etchers of the Past and the Present. New York, NY: Peregrine Smith, 1948.

Nesbit, Joanne. ed. Those Brown County Artists: the Ones Who Came, the Ones Who Stayed, the Ones Who Moved On, 1900-1950. Nashville, TN: Nana's Books, 1993.

Olpin, Robert S., William C. Seifrit, and Vern G. Swanson. Artists of Utah. Salt Lake City, UT: Gibbs Smith Publisher, 1999.

Samuels, Peggy and Harold Samuels. The Illustrated Biographical Encyclopedia of Artists of the American West. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1976.

Springville Museum of Art. Permanent Collection Catalog. Springville, Utah: Springville Museum of Art, 1972.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, and William C. Seifrit. Utah Art. Layton, UT: Peregrine Smith Books, 1991.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, and William C. Seifrit. Utah Painting and Sculpture. Layton, UT: Gibbs Smith Publisher, 1991.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, Donna Poulton, and Janie Rogers. 150 Year Survey Utah Art, Utah Artists. Layton, UT: Gibbs Smith Publisher, 2001.

Periodical

Frank, Michael. "Travels: Discovering Utah on the Trail of Art ant Antques with Timothy MacDonald." Architectural Digest, June 1995.

 Last Modified 5/6/14