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  • Artist Profile Image - Enoch W. Perry

Enoch W. Perry

Enoch Wood Perry, Jr. was born in Boston in 1831. He was a genre, landscape, and portrait painter who enjoyed success in Salt Lake City as portraitist for the leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He died in 1915 in New York.

In 1852 Perry began study in Düsseldorf with Emmanuel Leutze and then went to Paris to study with Thomas Couture. He spent the remaining years of the 1850s as U.S. Consul in Vienna. He returned to the United States at end of the decade.

In 1866 he was in Salt Lake City painting a series of portraits of Brigham Young and other dignitaries of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Although he was a successful portrait painter, Perry was best known for his genre paintings. The True American(1875) featured in the Metropolitan Museum of Art permanent collection is an example.

Biography adapted from Artists of Utah. 

Enoch W. Perry was born in Boston in 1831 and died in 1915. He originally trained as a painter in New Orleans, Louisiana from 1848-1852. In the early 1850s, he went to work in Dusseldorf, Germany, with the famed Emmanuel Leutze, painter of the well-known Washington Crossing the Delaware. Perry studied in Paris under Thomas Couture, an artist much less concerned with strict linearity of approach than Leutze; the young man spent the remaining years of the 1850s in Venice as U.S. Consul. Returning to the U.S. at the end of this period, Perry made the decision to seek his artistic fortune in the Far West. Traveling to California in 1862, the painter then settled on the Pacific Coast until 1866, making a number of painting tours through the Rockies and farther west to Hawaii on several occasions. Working in portraiture, landscape, and genre, Perry did not achieve the highest levels in the development of his art, though such distinctions were certainly not made by his pleased patrons in California or in Utah. Perry also painted landscapes with Albert Bierstadt in Yosemite Park before moving east into a Utah artistic sojourn. To George Ottinger's chagrin, Perry sold $11,000 worth of portraits (L.D.S. and Salt Lake City Collections) and landscapes to eager Salt Lakers in a period of a little over four months around 1865, while Ottinger, “the Utahn,“ was struggling in the same pursuit just for the basic necessities.

Biography courtesy Artists of Utah.

Books

American Council of Learned Societies. Dictionary of American Biography. New York, NY: Scribner, 1928.

Baigell, Mathew. Dictionary of American Art. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1979.

Blrund, Annette. Paris 1889 American Artists at the Universal Exposition. Philadelphia, PA: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts; H.N. Abrams, 1989.

Chambers, Bruce W. Art and Artists of the South Robert P. Coggins Collection. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1984.

Clark, Eliot. History of the National Academy of Design 1825-1953. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1954.

Davenport, R. J. Davenport's Art Reference & Price Guide. Ventura, CA: Davenport's Art Reference, 2001.

Dunbier, Lonnie Pierson, ed. The Artists Bluebook. Scottsdale, AZ: Ask ART.com, 2003.

Edwards, Lee M. Domestic Bliss Family Life in American Painting 1840-1910. Yonkers, NY: Hudson River Museum, 1986.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Annual Exhibition Record, 1807-18 Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1988.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Annual Exhibition Record, 1901-19 National Academy of Design. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1990.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Dictionary of Signatures & Monogram of American Artists from the Conlonial Period to the Mid 20th Century. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1988.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Who Was Who in American Art 1564-1975. 3 Vols. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1999.

Falk, Peter. The Annual Exhibition Record of the Art Institute of Chicago. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1990.

Florida Museum of Fine Arts. An American Palette: Works from Collection of John/Dolores Beck. S.n.: Florida Museum of Fine Arts, 2000.

Forbes, David. Encounters with Paradise Views of Hawaii and Its People 1778-1941. Honolulu: Honolulu Academy of Arts, 1992.

Gerdts, William. Art Across America (West). Vol. 1-3. New York, NY: Abbeville Press, 1990.

Gibbs, Linda Mary Jones. "Enoch Wood Perry, Jr.: A Biography and Analysis of His Thematic and Stylistic Development." M.F.A. thesis, University of Utah, 1981.

Groce, George C., and David H. Wallace. The New-York Historical Society's Dictionary of Artists in America, 1564-1860. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1957.

Haseltine, James L. 100 Years of Utah Painting Selected Works from the 1840s to the 1940s. Salt Lake City, UT: Salt Lake Art Center, 1965.

Hjal Marson, Birgitta. Artful Players: Artistic Life in Early San Francisco. Los Angeles, CA: Balcony Press, 1999.

Holzer, Harold and Mark E. Neely Jr. Mine Eyes Have Seen The Glory The Civil War in Art. New York, NY: Orion Books, 1993.

Howat, John K. American Watercolors From Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, NY: American Federation of Arts in association with Harry N. Abrams Inc., 1991.

Hughes, Edan Milton. Artists in California: 1786-1940. San Francisco, CA: Hughes Pub. Co., 2002.

Kammen, Michael. Meadows of Memory Images of Time & Tradition in American Art & Culture. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1992.

Karpel, Bernard and Ruth Spiegel. Arts in America/A Bibliography. Vol. 2. Washington, DC: Published for the Archives of American Art by the Smithsonian Institution Press, 1979.

Kornhauser, Elizabeth Mankin. American Paintings Before l945 in the Wadsworth Atheneum. 2 Vol. Hartford, CT: Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art in association with Yale University Press, 2002.

Landgren, Marl E. American Pupils of Thomas Couture. College Park, MD: University of Maryland Department of Art, 1970.

Mahe, John, and Rosanne McCaffrey. Encyclopedia of New Orleans Artists 1718-1918. New Orleans, LA: Historic New Orleans Collection, 1987.

Mallett, Daniel Trowbridge. Index of Artists International Biographical. New York, NY: Smith, 1948.

National Academy of Design. Commemorative Exhibition by Members of the National Academy of Design 1825-1925. New York, NY: N.p., 1925.

National Gallery of Art. American Paintings from the Manoogian Collection. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 1989.

Naylor, Marcia. Exhibition Record 1861-1900 National Academy of Design. New York, NY: Kennedy Galleries, 1973.

Newark Museum. American Art in the Newark Museum Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture. Newark, NJ: The Museum, 1981.

Nygren, Edward, and Julyie R. Myers. Of Time and Place American Figurative Art from the Corcoran Gallery. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service, and the Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1981.

Olpin, Robert S, William C. Seifrit, and Vern G. Swanson. Artists of Utah. Salt Lake City, UT: Gibbs Smith, l999.

Opitz, Glenn B., ed. Mantle Fielding's Dictionary American Painters, Sculptors et al. Poughkeepsie, NY: Apollo, 1986.

Salinger, Margaretta. Masterpieces of American Painting The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, NY: Metropolitan Museum of Art: Random House, 1986.

Samuels, Peggy, and Harold Samuels. The Illustrated Biographical Encyclopedia of Artists of the American West. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1976.

Severens, Martha R. Greenville County Museum of Art, The Southern Collection. New York: Hudson Hills Press, in Association with the Greenville County Museum of Art, 1995.

Sheldon, G. W. American Painters With Eighty-three Engraved Examples of Their Work. New York, NY: D. Appleton, 1879.

Southwest Art. The Red Book Western American Price Index. Houston, TX: Southwest Art, 1993.

Spassky, Natalie, and Kathleen Luhrs. American Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, NY: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1985.

Swanson ,Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, Donna Poulton, and Janie L. Rogers. 150 Year Survey Utah Art & Artists. Salt Lake City, UT: Gibbs Smith, 2002.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, and William C. Seifrit. Utah Art. Layton, UT: Gibbs Smith Publishing Co, 1991.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, and William C. Seifrit. Utah Painting and Sculpture. Layton, UT: Gibbs Smith Publisher, 1997.

Taylor, Joshua C. America as Art. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1976.

Williams, Herman Warner Jr. Mirror to the American Past A Survey of American Genre Painting 1750-1900. Greenwich, CT: New York Graphic Society, 1978.

Periodicals

Leeds, Valerie Ann. "Collection of John and Dolores Beck." American Art Review, December 2000.

Saville, Jennifer. "Hawaii and Its People." American Art Review, June 2001.

Wallis, Stephen. "The Quiet Americans." Art & Auction, November 2000.

 Last Modified 9/3/14